CUSTOZA WINE ZONE, VERONA PROVINCE
A perfect balance of knowledge and vine-growing tradition, climate and soil conditions unique to the area between the south shore of the Garda Lake near Verona, the Mincio and the Adige rivers have each contributed to this wine. In the designated area of provenance, soils are mainly moraine containing the well-polished stones typical of glacial deposits, the climate is mild, and rainfall average. The grapes are cultivated in sunny vineyards, with ample exposure giving the product a distinct quality.
D.O.C. wines are: Bianco di Custoza, Bianco di Custoza superior, Bianco di Custoza spumante and Bianco di Custoza passito. The official guidelines provide for the use of Trebbiano toscano, Garganega, Tocai friulano, Bianca Fernanda (a local Cortese cross), Malvasia, Riesling italico, Pinot bianco and Chardonnay grapevines in strict proportions. Bianco di Custoza D.O.C. is a white wine. Its straw yellow colour tends towards golden yellow with ageing. It has a fruity and slightly aromatic fragrance and velvety flavour.
The Strada del Vino (Wine Road) itinerary winds through the inland landscapes around the Garda Lake, through vineyards and olive groves, villas and castles, the area's ancient atmosphere enchanting the visitor.
Walkers can enjoy historical and natural trails (named "Camminacustoza" and "Tamburino Sardo") among the Custoza hills and cyclists can choose from several itineraries, from Castelnuovo towards the Garda Lake, over the Valeggio hills, from Sandrà along the Popes road to Oliosi, through the Tione valley and over Mount Mamaor, the last peak to the south of the hills carved millennia ago by glaciers.
During the itinerary it is particularly attractive visit the town that gives the name to this famous wine, Custoza, a charming old place which was once a sentry and detention outpost overlooking the Postumia road. The area abounds with reminders of the Risorgimento. Two battles in the period of dissension leading to unification were fought here, leaving traces scattered among the vineyards, such as the Ossuary, the Sardinian drummer farm and a monument celebrating the grenadiers of the Sardinian Brigade.