GORIZIA PROVINCE | FRIULI VENEZIA REGION

Gorizia Province Italy

The Province of Gorizia is a province in the autonomous Friuli–Venezia Giulia region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Gorizia. It belonged to the Province of Udine between 1924 and 1927 and the communes of Sonzia, Plezzo, Bergogna, Caporetto, Tolmino, Circhina, Santa Lucia d'Isonzo, Gracova Serravalle, Canale d'Isonzo, Cal di Canale, Idria, Montenero d'Idria, Castel Dobra, Salona d'Isonzo, Gargaro, Chiapovano, Aidussina, Santa Croce di Aidùssina, Cernizza Goriziana, Tarnova della Selva, Sambasso, Merna, Ranziano, Montespino, Opacchiasella, Temenizza, Rifembergo, Comeno, San Daniele del Carso, Zolla, Vipacco, San Martino di Quisca and San Vito di Vipacco; and the eastern part of Gorizia, were part of this province between 1918 and 1924, and from 1927 to 1947. These communes are now part of Slovenia. It has an area of and a total population of over 142,035. The Province has a coastal length of less than 100 km. There are 25 communes in the province. Around 11% of the population of the province is of ethnically Slovene. Italian legislation ensures the protection of the Slovene linguistic minority in 9 of the 25 municipalities comprising the province. Three rural municipalities (Doberdò del Lago, Savogna d'Isonzo and San Floriano del Collio) have an ethnically Slovene majority, but the majority of native Slovene speakers in the Province live in the urban area of Gorizia..  The Province is bordered by Udine Province, Trieste Province, Slovenia, and the Adriatic Sea.

Gorizia Province Italy

WHAT TO SEE AND DO IN GORIZIA

Dominated by its castle, The city of Gorizia is an Italian town that keeps its balance between its German and Venetian origins.During the Middle Ages, its imposing castle was inhabited by the Counts of Gorizia whose estate covered those territories nowadays belonging to Italy, Slovenia, Austria Boemia and Croatia. As we walk through the centre of Gorizia, we reach Palazzo Attems-Santacroce which overlooks Piazza De Amicis and hosts the Provincial Museums. Behind this striking palace is the ancient Jewish Ghetto and its Synagogue which hosts the Jewish Culture Museum. Along some main roads like Corso Verdi, Corso Italia and the charming Viale Venti Settembre there are some elegant open air coffee houses and shops.

For the gourmands, Gorizia offers unique recipes accompanied by local wines, like the D.O.C. (Controlled Denomination of Origin) wines from the Collio and the Isonzo areas. As a matter of fact, the hilly area of the Collio is famous for its high quality wines.Precious white wines like Sauvignon, Pinot grigio and Tocai can be tasted in many farm houses and wine cellars, which are always open to tourists and to those willing to drive along the “wine route” going from Gorizia to Dolegna.

The City of Cormons is the heart of the Collio area and is located in an enchanting hilly area very close to Gorizia. It has always been the main town of this enchanting hilly area, renowned not only for its geographic position but also for its trade. Its historical centre is surrounded by the ancient city walls dating back to the Longobardi (Lombard) time, which are the most ancient part of the city. Since the Middle Ages, the Market square has been the deputed place for the rite of the tajut, the Friuli appetizer which consists of a glass of white wine and some gossip.

Another town worth remembering is Gradisca, also known as the “countryside estate”. Firstly dominated by Venice, it was later ruled by the Hapsburg family. This town still preserves its ancient defensive walls as well as the Duomo, the Civic museum, the Merchant’s Loggia, the Monte di Pietà (pawnshop), the government palace of the Venetian rulers and the tower palaces.

Another significant town is San Floriano, whose inhabitants are proud of their Slav ancestors. Between the 5th and the 6th Century, their ancestors settled down right in this area and were able to revive the ancient Roman traditions. Vineyard growing nowadays is the main activity of this area and, in order to celebrate the ancient rites, a procession is held in mid July of every year, in honour of the Saints Ermacora and Fortunato.

Grado is a fascinating town that is characterized by its charming outline and its huge bell tower.It reveals its green pinewood, its gardens, parks, ports, sandy beaches and its buildings ranging from simple, ancient houses up to the most modern ones, to guesthouses and hotels. Among its ancient heritage, the town boasts some precious early Christian basilicas.Besides, the tourists are more and more attracted by its golden sandy beaches.

The town of Monfalcone has always played an important role as a link with Central and East Europe. Its fortress stands on a hill which was strategic for the control of the coastline going from Grado, Trieste up to Istria.

Tags: Friuli Venezia Region,, Gorizia Province,

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